Buddha, Gotama

   (BCE 563-483)
   Also Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Born into a wealthy and prominent family in the north Indian state of Sakka (Sakya), Siddhartha Gotama renounced the world and achieved Enlightenment (bodhi, thus his name, the Enlightened One) through meditation. He devoted the last 40 years of his life to preaching and established the monastic order, or Sangha. At his death, he passed into nibbana (nirvana), freeing himself from samsara, or the cycle of rebirth. Theravada Buddhists believe that Buddha was a man, not a divine being, and upon entering nibbana no longer exists in the ordinary sense. Thus, he cannot intercede on behalf of believers or answer their prayers. All that remains are his teachings (dhamma), which the Sangha preserves and propagates. However, there is also a long-established belief among Buddhists that veneration of the Buddha's personal possessions and bodily relics (for example, Buddha tooth relics) brings the devotee a deeper comprehension of the dhamma. Such relics have been housed in pagodas, of which the most famous in Burma is the Shwe Dagon Pagoda in Rangoon (Yangon).
   Through the ages, there have been many, perhaps numberless, Buddhas, each preaching the same doctrine. Gotama Buddha was the 25th of 26 to appear in the present "world cycle" (kappa); the last Buddha of the cycle, Metteya (Maitreya), will appear 5,000 years after the death of Gotama. There are two kinds of Buddhas: "private Buddhas," including arahants, who achieve nibbana on their own but do not teach the dhamma, and "perfect Buddhas," such as Gotama, who do teach dhamma. The latter are considered superior. The Jataka, or "birth-tales," recount episodes in Gotama Buddha's former lives and are a formative influence on Burmese literature, drama, and art, as well as religion.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buddha: Der Erleuchtete —   Die Zeit von 600 bis 500 v. Chr. war für die Entwicklung der indischen Kultur eine der entscheidenden Perioden. Um die Mitte des 1. Jahrtausends v. Chr. bildeten sich im Nordosten Indiens Oligarchien und kleine Königreiche mit Städten als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buddha — (pronunciation: IPA| [bʊd̪.d̪ʰə] ) ( Awakened one or Enlightened One in Sanskrit and Pali) may refer to:Religion* Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, clan name Gautama (Sanskrit; Pali: Gotama), personal name said to be Siddhārtha (Sanskrit; Pali …   Wikipedia

  • Gotama —   [Pali], Gautama [Sanskrit], Beiname des Buddha.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buddha Shakyamuni — Siddhartha Gautama mit seinen ersten fünf Schülern Siddhartha Gautama (Sanskrit, m., सिद्धार्थ गौतम, Siddhārtha Gautama; Pali: Siddhattha Gotama) (* um 563 v. Chr. in Lumbini, 80 B.B.E; † 483 v. Chr., Jahr 0 nach der bu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buddha — /booh deuh, bood euh/, n. 1. Also called Butsu, Gautama, Gautama Buddha. (Prince Siddhattha or Siddhartha) 566? c480 B.C., Indian religious leader: founder of Buddhism. 2. any of a series of teachers in Buddhism, of whom Gautama was the last, who …   Universalium

  • Gotama — Gautama Gau ta*ma (gou t[.a]*m[.a]), prop. n. The family name of {Buddha}, the founder of Buddhism; born ca. 563 b.c., died ca. 483 b.c. In He is worshipped by Buddhists as a god. See {Buddha}. [Also spelled {Gotama}.] Syn: Buddha, the Buddha,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gotama — Gautama Bouddha Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bouddha (homonymie) et Gautama (homonymie). Gandhara Bouddha, Ier II …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Buddha — Bụd|dha 〈m. 6〉 Begründer (560 480 v. Chr.) der nach ihm benannten indischen Religion, des Buddhismus [Sanskrit, „erwacht, erleuchtet“ <bodhati, bodhate „er erwacht, versteht“] * * * 1Bụd|dha (fachspr. auch mit Art.: der; s): [Ehrentitel für… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gotama — /gaw teuh meuh, goh /, n. Buddha. Also, Gautama. Also called Gotama Buddha. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gotama — /gaw teuh meuh, goh /, n. Buddha. Also, Gautama. Also called Gotama Buddha …   Useful english dictionary

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